Cyclocross vs. Road Bike – What is The Difference?


I’ve both cyclocross and a road bike, and last summer I experimented to see if I could live with one bike. Unfortunately, far from what many people believe, a cyclocross can’t double up as a road bike.

Of course, there was the option to switch the tires and wheels on my cyclocross to match my roadie, but there’re a couple of other subtle elements that I couldn’t do anything about.

See, the real difference between a cyclocross and a road bike is the riding purpose. Cyclocross bikes are designed for cyclocross events, while road bikes are designed for road/pavement racing.

The events and location of use determine the design and functionality of each bike category. For example, the cross bikes have greater durability because the cyclocross event is more demanding than the paved roads.

There’re other key differences between these two bike classes, and unless you’re keen on details, you could pass one bike for the other.

Now, if you’re torn between these bike categories, our cyclocross vs. road bike guide below will help. I’ll compare and contrast cyclocross and road bikes, and hopefully, by the end of the guide, you’ll be in a better position to determine the right bike for your needs.

Cyclocross Bike

A cyclocross bike, also known as a cross or CX, is used for cyclocross races. A cyclocross race in a non-Olympic cycling discipline that merges different cycling disciplines such as mountain biking and road cycling. It also includes a steeplechase.

Usually, the cyclo race covers a variety of terrains, including paved surfaces, gravel ride, road rides, dirt trails, mud surfaces, and even hill climbing.

In my opinion, the cross bikes are the Swiss army knife of bikes that does everything.

Now, I’m assuming you’ve come across a phrase that states cyclos make roadies, but road cycles make a bad cross bike.

I’m of a contrary opinion and don’t agree I can interchange my CX for a road bike.

See, there’s a huge difference between these two classes of bikes. For example, I’ve gone out for group rides on my Cannondale SuperX Apex CX bike with slicks, but it’s still far from the typical road bike. Any cross will be less suited for fast riding and group rides.

However, cross bikes appeal to riders who need cross-functionality. For example, get a cyclo bike if you see yourself hitting the simple trails, single track, or cyclocross racing.

Basics of a Cyclocross Bike

A cyclocross bike has plenty of differences from a regular road bike.

These bikes have a geometry optimized for navigating the technical courses. For example, they include a higher BB for ground clearance, shorter cyclocross frames, and knobby tires.

The modern cyclocross bikes also incorporate technologies previously reserved for mountain bikes, such as disc brakes and tubeless tires.

Cyclocross bikes generally also come with mounts and fixes to easily fit racks and mudguards.

But you shouldn’t confuse cyclocross bikes with gravel bikes. Both have plenty of similarities on the surfaces, but they’re subtle differences between two.

Gravel bikes have a more relaxed geometry than the cyclocross and use great but less aggressive tire width.

Elements Separating a Cyclocross from a Road Bike

Elements Separating a Cyclocross from a Road Bike

In the section below, I’ll look at the elements making cyclocross bikes unique while at the same time comparing them against what a road bike offers.

All-terrain performance

A cross bike is an incredible all-terrain machine that can take on various riding surfaces.

The all-around performance of cyclocross bikes makes them appealing for the daily drivers, commuters, tourers, cyclocross racing, cyclocross racecourse, and mountain biking.

I’m a big fan of the CX simply because my neighborhood has plenty of bumps and potholes, and it’s not worth running road rims.

It ticks the boxes for an all-around bike and is ideally suited for the pretty mixed roads, including winter use.

I can ride the CX through fields, over grass, and even duck the potholes in my dirt trails. CX racing uphill is also a breeze.

The CX bikes also have lower gears for mountain climbing.

Higher Bottom Bracket

Another noticeable characteristic of cyclocross is a higher bottom bracket.

CX bikes with a true cyclocross geometry have a relatively higher bottom bracket than their road bike counterparts.

The high BB allows the CB bike to effortlessly go over barriers, making it a suitable option for off-road conditions.

But the higher BB makes the bike inherently less stable for beginners because of the higher center of gravity.

Beginners will find the bike with twitchier handling and less stability than a gravel bike.

Wheelbase and Tires

Most CX bikes have a longer wheelbase.

It makes the CX less nimble but contributes to stability. But more importantly, it keeps the cyclist’s feet from coming into contact with the front wheel during turns.

When it comes to tire sizes, the CX can accommodate large-width tires. The wider tires aren’t the best for racking up high speeds but make a massive difference when navigating the arduous bike paths.

The wider tires eliminate the pinch flats, remove road buzz, and keep your riding free from the material composite on the ground.

Weight & Speed

Buck for buck, a cyclocross bike is heavier than a road bike.

Add the weight to the generally wider tires, and you’ve a greater rolling resistance, ultimately slower speeds.

The wider cyclocross bike wheels are contrary to the smooth, narrow road bike’s tires, providing faster speed and acceleration.

But don’t get me wrong; a CX isn’t slow, but the difference is noticeable.

Speed doesn’t matter for most recreational cyclists, and unless you plan to do the fast group rides and road racing, cyclocross bikes will serve you better.

Personally, I don’t compete with anyone for speed, so a cyclocross bike offers enough challenge, keeps me fit, and allows me to enjoy my ride even more.


Cyclocross bikes are generally more comfortable to ride than road bikes.

One of the biggest features promoting a comfortable riding experience on a CX is the relaxed bike geometry (not as much as gravel bikes).

However, cyclocross bikes don’t always have the most relaxed bike geometry and are, to some extent, comparable to the road race geometry on a roadie.

But, they’ve a generally upright riding position than a road bike for a better view during city riding.

A higher-positioned saddle also allows for a more upright sitting posture. It eliminates the backaches associated with the slouched roadie position and gives better view and control.

Cyclocross and road bikes have dropped handlebars, but the cyclocross has a higher positioned bar, reducing the chances of lower back pain.

In my opinion, if racing, speed, and better aerodynamics aren’t really in the picture, and you’re concerned with comfort, braking, control, better view, and overall feel, go for the cyclocross.


Cyclocross bikes have two main types of brakes-cantilever brakes and disc brakes.

Both brakes appeal to off-road users because they effectively bring the bike to a stop even in muddy and wet conditions.

Conversely, modern road bikes have caliper brakes. They do a great job of bringing the bike to a stop on the paved surface but wear out fast and quickly over the off-road riding terrain.

Plus, they’re not effective at stopping in wet conditions.

Road Bikes

Road Bikes

Road bikes are the sports cars of bicycles.

They’re speed demons and will handle the paved surfaces like champs.

Of course, there’s a price to be paid for the speed, but a vast majority of cyclists will still choose a road bike primarily for speed, lightness, and efficiency.

As its name suggests, road bikes excel at racing on roads and paved bike trails.

A road bike’s geometry optimizes speed and aerodynamics.

Basics of a Road Bike

Road bikes are designed to rack miles as fast as possible but on paved bike trails.

Traditional road bikes have a lighter aluminum frame for speed and agility. They also respond faster. But some of the high-end models incorporate lighter and sturdier carbon fiber frames.

Usually, the frame on a roadie comes with a sloping design for a more aerodynamic sitting position. It may not appeal to users with medical conditions but works best for the long-distance riding experience.

The other signature features of a roadie are narrow tires and skinny bike tires.

The slick, high-pressure road bike tires aren’t the most comfortable option. The limited ground surface contact and less friction allow for a lesser rolling resistance, more speed, and acceleration.

Another feature that marks out a road bike is the drop handlebars. The drop bars promote a more aerodynamic sitting position while allowing multiple hand positions, saving you from fatigue over a long ride.

Finally, the roadie saddles are generally narrower and sparsely padded. They’re optimized for performance and not comfort.

Ironically, the soft roadie saddles are actually better for long-distance riding because they offer support where you need it most and hardly press on your delicate butt muscles.

Getting used to the roadie saddles may take time, though.

Elements Separating a Road Bike from a Cyclocross

Elements Separating a Road Bike from a Cyclocross


My Cannondale SuperX Apex cyclocross bike can take me to places my Trek roadie can’t.

I’ve racked up miles on my Cannondale, but when spring comes and I switch to my roadie, I feel like I’ve added a nitro in the tank.

If you see yourself doing road races, crits, or fast group rides, a pure roadie might be an appealing option.

I’ve a Trek Emonda ALR 5 I ride with my friends. I love it; it’s light and has sweet wheels, so I can accelerate and achieve higher speeds than any other bike I own.

The lightweight frame and higher gearing system mean I can get the higher speeds and sustain them effortlessly.

Plus, a narrow gear range allows me to shift the bike rapidly.

Road Use

Aptly named a road bike, this bike class is tailored for strict road use. It’s meant for use on paved road trails and flat surfaces. The road bike won’t take on the steep hills and rugged terrains.

Personally, it’s a limitation, especially considering the mixed terrain in my neighborhood.

I’ve used my Trek on some rough terrains, but  I’ve had to bear with some pinch flats on my road tires, which I’m pretty sure wouldn’t have happened if I had my bigger Cannondale tires.


Road bikes also appeal to long-distance users because they’re fitted with bottle cages.

Unfortunately, they lack the provision of mounting fenders, racks, and panniers. I wouldn’t recommend them for casual use, such as grocery shopping.


Finally, road bicycles provide a more aerodynamic sitting posture.

It’s not the most comfortable riding position, especially for short distances, but pleasing to use for long distances.

The same case applies to the saddles.

Road bike saddles are narrow and not well padded as those on a cyclocross.

The cyclocross wins hands down for comfort and ease of use for shorter distances. But for the longer distances, the CX’s creature comforts start getting nagging.

So, if you need a bike that will keep you comfortable for long distances, I would recommend the roadie.

Of course, getting used to a crouched position may take time to adjust to, but you’ll enjoy every bit of it once you get the hang of it.

Why you Should Consider a Cyclocross Bike

Why you Should Consider a Cyclocross Bike

Now that we’ve compared the two classes of bikes let’s see why you should consider a cyclocross.

1)      Versatility

Cyclocross bikes are like hybrids, with their unmatched versatility.

The CX bike will take on different terrains and doesn’t necessarily revolve around paved surfaces as the road bike does.

Along with navigating the paved surfaces, the CX bikes will also take on demanding and rugged terrains, including dirt trails and steep mountain hills.

Equally, they make great commuter bikes. Their upright sitting position and less aggressive handlebars will keep your body from taking a beating and maintain comfort.

It can also fit racks, fenders, panniers, and other storage solutions, so it’s great for touring and casual bikes.

The CX bike is the perfect all-around bike and will appeal to many riders who don’t need a limitation on where and when they can ride.

2)      Ideal winter bikes

Having a winter bike isn’t much of a necessity in Australia and the UK. But in some parts of the US, having a winter and summer bike is necessary.

However, with a CX bike, you don’t need a separate bike for the now-packed roads.

A longer wheelbase and generally wider tires will provide stability and grip you need to contrail the bike when things get squirrely.

The extra tire clearance is also a bonus and will avoid a slow down when ice and snow arrive.

3)      Fun to ride

Riding a cyclocross is fun, especially given its versatility.

The bike allows you to explore new bike roads and trails that a roadie won’t allow.

Plus, the added capability of a CX bike makes the experience even more fun.

4)      Improved your skills

Riding a CX bike hones your riding skills, especially when you leave the pavement for the dirt tracks.

While a CX bike excels in rugged terrains, it doesn’t come anywhere close to a mountain bike.

The skinner CX tires won’t roll over obstacles better than the mountain bike tires, so you need to work harder to maintain control.

All these will teach you how to become a better rider and improve on the skills you need when things are a bit uptight.

5)      Cyclocross is amazing

Cyclocross is increasingly growing as one of the popular cycling disciplines.

The race is fun to watch but more entertaining to participate in. So, if you think you need to give this riding discipline a try, consider getting a cyclocross.

Why Consider a Road Bike?

Cyclocross Vs. Road Bike; Which is Better

Speed, efficiency, and lightness are the biggest traits defining road bikes.

The features are important, especially to cyclists yearning for more speed and racking up miles.

Here’re some of the reasons to consider a road bike.

1)      Speed

If your idea of cycling is competing against fellow riders, participating in group rides, or racing, a road bike will appeal to you.

The lightweight frame and skinner tires offer the least amount of drag and friction.

A road bike allows you to accelerate effortlessly and maintain your speed.

2)      Lightweight

Consider a road bike if you’re finding your bike too heavy to handle.

All road bikes feature ultra-light construction, so they’re far easier to control and ride.

And make no mistake; they’re not flimsy and will even stand up to the abuses of pavement riding.

3)      Efficient

Road bikes combine fast wheels, a lightweight construction, and an aerodynamic sitting position to create an efficient machine.

The lightweight frames don’t fatigue riders even after long-distance riding, while the wheels eliminate friction and minimize drag.

On the other hand, the aerodynamic sitting position allows you to rack miles in the most optimized and comfortable sitting position.

When all these features are combined, they create an efficient machine that can whisk you away like no other.

Cyclocross Vs. Road Bike; Which is Better?

Cyclocross Vs. Road Bike; Which is Better

My recommendation for the best bike should be inspired by where you plan to ride it.

If your idea for cycling is road racing and participating in long-distance group rides on paved bike paths, I’d suggest a road drop-bar bike.

But if you’re a versatile rider and do not want to be limited on any terrain, I’d suggest a cyclocross bike.

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Lisa Hayden-Matthews

Lisa Hayden-Matthews

An avid Skier, bike rider, triathlon enthusiast, amateurish beach volleyball player and nature lover who has never lost a dare! I manage the overall Editorial section for the magazine here and occasionally chip in with my own nature photographs, when required.

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