Electric Bicycle Rules And Regulations In Canada

Electric Bicycle Rules And Regulations In Canada

Electric bicycles are becoming increasingly popular, but there are a few rules and regulations that come with them. If you’re thinking about buying one of these bikes, it’s important to know what the laws say before you make your purchase. This article will explain some of the basics of electric bicycle legislation in Canada so you can understand what’s legal (and what isn’t).

While there are no specific age restrictions for electric bicycles, riders in Quebec and British Columbia must have a motorcycle license to ride on the roads. In Quebec, the rider must be at least 14 years old and wear a helmet while riding on the road. While the rules for riding on the road are similar to those for traditional bicycles, there are a few differences. The rules for electric bicycles in Quebec are different from those in British Columbia, Ontario, and Alberta.

In Quebec, power-assisted bicycles are legal. They must be at least 14 years old, or have a moped license. In Ontario, provincial regulations state that electric bicycles must have a minimum of 50 W of electrical output and that they must be 68 cm high. They must also have a headlight for the driver. The rules for riding an electric bicycle vary by province and municipality.

The provincial laws for electric bicycles are similar to those in Ontario. They require a separate throttle and pedals to operate the electric motor. In Manitoba, the seat of an electric bicycle must be at least 68 cm off the ground. All cyclists must wear a helmet with a chin strap that is fastened under their chin. They must also wear red reflective vests, which must be worn by both riders.

Pedal assist

You should know that, in Quebec, electric bicycles are treated differently from other provinces in Canada. Electrically assisted bikes are considered to be regular bicycles and riders must follow the same rules as other cyclists. This means you will have to dismount and walk your bike when crossing a pedestrian crosswalk or going through an intersection with a traffic light or stop sign.

You should also note that there are different policies for electric bicycles throughout Canada and America. In British Columbia, Ontario and Alberta (but not Quebec), e-bikes can be used on roads where vehicles have right of way over pedestrians (i.e., they are allowed on sidewalks). They must comply with the same rules set out by these provinces’ respective laws: no riding on highways, mandatory helmet use while cycling at night or in certain weather conditions (like rain), etcetera.

electric bike motors

Electric motors

One of the most important things to know about electric bicycles is that electric motors are not allowed on all electric bikes. In some provinces, like Ontario and Quebec, motor power is limited to 250 watts (250 W). In other provinces, like British Columbia and Alberta, there are no limits on motor power.


The maximum speed allowed on an electric bicycle depends on the province you live in. For example, in Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta you’re limited to 25 km/h; in Quebec it’s 30 km/h.

Wearing a helmet

In some parts of Canada, a helmet is required by law if you’re riding your e-bike on public property. But even if it’s not an offence to ride without one, you should wear one anyway.

There are no provincial laws requiring bike helmets in Alberta, British Columbia or Quebec. In Ontario and Nova Scotia, there are no helmet requirements for adults – though people under 18 must wear them (and so should any adults who choose not to). In Manitoba and Saskatchewan, all riders have to have a lid on their heads at all times; this includes children too young to walk unaided. Elsewhere in the country, children can legally ride without lids but must be accompanied by someone who’s capable of keeping up with them and actively supervising their riding.

ebike classification

Electric bicycle classifications

  • In Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and British Columbia, electric bicycles are classified as mopeds.
  • In Ontario and Quebec, electric bicycles are classified as bicycles.
  • In Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland & Labrador, electric bicycles are classified as power-assisted bicycles.

Liability insurance

In Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec you are required to have liability insurance for your electric bicycle when riding on public roads. This is not required in the United States or United Kingdom.

Know your rights and responsibilities before you purchase an electric bicycle.

Before you buy an electric bicycle, it is important to know your rights and responsibilities. An electric bicycle motor is defined by the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations as a “motor that operates a cycle with a maximum power output of 500 watts or less,” which means they can be used on all public roads in Canada. However, there are strict rules about who can use them and where they can be ridden:

  • You must be 16 years old (or older) to ride an electric bike on any road in Canada
  • The device must have pedals and cannot go faster than 32 km/h (20 mph) when being operated without pedaling


ebike rule in canada

If you’re thinking about purchasing an electric bicycle, it’s important to know your rights and responsibilities. The federal government has set out strict rules for how these bikes can be sold, used, and charged. By knowing the laws that apply to electric bicycles in Canada, you can make sure that your ride stays on the right side of them!

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Lisa Hayden-Matthews

Lisa Hayden-Matthews

An avid Skier, bike rider, triathlon enthusiast, amateurish beach volleyball player and nature lover who has never lost a dare! I manage the overall Editorial section for the magazine here and occasionally chip in with my own nature photographs, when required.

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